Panel discussion MFA - International Law in Cyberspace

Promoting Cyberspace Stability through Application of International Law

Recent years have seen an exponential rise in cyber-attacks directed against individuals, financial institutions and most recently, against medical facilities. Cyberattacks directed at critical civilian infrastructure pose especially dire threat and can lead to severe humanitarian consequences. Seeking ways to prevent cyberspace from becoming a source of instability is therefore becoming a pressing concern. Fortunately, cyberspace is not a lawless domain. In 2015, the UN General Assembly affirmed by consensus that international law applies to cyberspace. Nevertheless, the international community is yet to reach consensus on how international law applies in this domain. This panel will seek to explore how existing bodies of international law apply to cyberspace and how to enforce applicable legal instruments to prevent the cyberspace from becoming a lawless domain. Particular emphasis will be given to the applicability of the UN Charter, International Humanitarian Law, and International Law of Human Rights.

Moderator: Mr. Richard Kadlčák, Special Envoy for Cyberspace, Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Dr. François Delerue
Dr François Delerue is currently research fellow in cyberdefense and international law at the Institute for Strategic Research (IRSEM) and a lecturer at Sciences Po Paris. François is also rapporteur for international law in the EU Cyber Direct project. François’ research focuses cyberdefense and cybersecurity, specifically their legal, policy and strategic dimensions. His book titled ‘Cyber Operations and International Law‘ was published by Cambridge University Press in April 2020.


Dr. Kubo Mačák
Dr Kubo Mačák is a legal adviser at the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Prior to joining the ICRC in 2019, he worked as an Associate Professor of Public International Law at the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom. Kubo is the author of the book Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law (OUP 2018) and the General Editor of the Cyber Law Toolkit, an interactive online resource on the international law of cyber operations.


Dr. Przemysław Roguski
Dr Przemysław Roguski is a Lecturer in Law at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland) and an expert on cybersecurity and international law at the Kościuszko Institute. His research focuses on the law of peacetime cyber operations and different aspects of international law relating to cybersecurity, ICT and internet governance. He is a former visiting fellow at the Hague Program for Cyber Norms and a regular speaker on cyber issues at international conferences and workshops.